The first subject of this study is a Caucasian male who is 55 years old.  He is a poor man who spends most of his time in the streets ‘making money’.  He has no permanent residence. This man gets accommodation from the local shelters and his sustenance from food donations.  He is a man below the poverty line since he cannot acquire any employment. This lack of work may be due to lack of education or the fact that he has become too old to be employed. Despite his poverty, he is a social man even though he has few friends.

The second subject is an African American man who is aged 25 years.  He works in a consultancy firm ad earns a rather decent salary. He is a well-educated man and is very particular about his spending habits. He lives in a nice apartment and can afford to spend some of his money on luxury items and services.  He earns more than $250,000 a year and always goes on vacations at least once in every year. He has a busy lifestyle both at work and in social life. He has just gotten engaged, and he is going to get married soon.

A person’s race is determined by his genes. These genes play a significant role in identifying the kind of disease that affects a person. Additionally, the environment where a person was brought up or still stays can influence the kind of conditions he is predisposed to. Having this in mind, this study will discuss some diseases that occur due to the above-mentioned factors. Since the subject A is an old man he is prone to weight related diseases. He is susceptible to obesity, and this will result in high blood pressure.  Older Caucasian males tend to be obese at this age because of the tendency to be immobile. Most of the men in who are in this age group mostly are retired, and this means they are at home with no particular work to attend to. Lack of exercise will cause high blood pressure and in the end it will cause diabetes. All these diseases are related, and they are prominent in Caucasian males who are age above 50 years old.

Subject B is prone to have diabetes because of his race. According to statistics, diabetes is 60% more likely in young African American men than in Caucasian men. High blood pressure has been recorded to be high in African American men than in African American women. The African American men are 20% more prone to high blood pressure than the African American women.

Obesity in Caucasian men is quite common than in Caucasian women.  This disease has been reported significantly in recent years. Obesity is a disease that is associated with low survival rates. It makes the patient weak and prone to other diseases. Obesity is a silent killer that robs the community of wise old men. Diabetes is a unique disease that can be detected because of its prominent symptoms. With the recent advancement in medicine, the disease can now be managed. Patients who suffer from this illness can now receive treatment. Previously, diabetes has been associated with the loss of limbs and in extreme cases the loss of life. Fortunately, the disease can now be easily treated, and the community does not have to suffer any form of loss due to this disease.

 

Subject A is a poor man which relatively means he does not have the finances to keep in touch with what is trending in terms of clothing. His hair is unkempt, and he wears an overgrown and dirty beard. He looks like a man who has not had a shower for a while, and the same can be interpreted from his clothes. It is expected that this man will most likely wear the same clothes for a while. In case he gets new ones, they are all from donations. These donations are always from the people who feel that they do not need the clothes anymore. Therefore, the clothes will never be trendy.

Subject B is a man who knows what is trending in terms of his fashion. The suit is a classic men’s style and according to the one he has worn, it is a fitting suit. The blue suit looks as if it was made for him, which means he had to spend a little extra in order for a designer to fit it according to his body type. The way he has paired his shirt with the suit clearly demonstrates how aware and in trend this man is. His shoes belt and tie all much his suit. He seems like an educated man who is in-charge and who knows what he wants and how he is going to get what he wants. Subject B is a trendy man.

Week 5 

Subject A is a 55-year-old man who is not employed. This unemployment may be due to his age or lack of opportunities in his life. Even though the subject has many difficulties he is a very social man. He is friendly, and he spends most of his days volunteering at a shelter. His daily routine includes this volunteer work and some more volunteer work at social gatherings.  When he is done with his volunteer work, he spends his time in the streets. He does not have a particular diet plan since his meals are provided through donations. According to the research undertaken, this man does not have any family. However, he has some friends. Since the environment he is in is harsh, most of his relationships are more about honor, and they are dependent on each other. 

Subject B is an educated, employed African-American man. The consultancy firm he works for pays him a salary of more than $250,000 a year. He is a social man since he has to engage with most of his clients on a face to face basis. His daily routine involves going to work very early in the morning and goes back home in the evenings. Most of his weekends are spent with his friends or work colleagues.  He maintains a well-balanced diet since he either cooks for himself or goes out to eat out in restaurants. He is engaged for a while and hopes to get married soon. Almost all his relationships are well grounded, because the relationships are either work related or socially oriented. He has a good reputation amongst his employees and always ensures his work is never interrupted. He does not have time to spend volunteering in the community, but sometimes he donates his time to the community. He donates his time by participating in his company’s CSR activities.

Daily stressors 

Subject A goes to church and volunteers in shelters to cope with his stressful situations and Subject B exercises in the gym.

Chart showing stressors for subject A

Chart showing stressors for subject B

Below are the interview questions and answers that were used in the interview. This interview was given to the two subjects of the study.

The interview for subject A, the questions and answers.

  • What is your age?  ----55 years old
  • Are you employed or unemployed? --- Unemployed
  • Where do you work? ----Not applicable
  • In case you are employed how much do you earn yearly? ---- Not applicable
  • Gender------- male
  • Race --- Caucasian 
  • Describe yourself --- I am a social poor man. I volunteer in different local gatherings and shelters.
  • Do you keep up with trends? --- no, I do not keep up with any trends.
  • Describe your daily routine --- I wake up, visit different shelters to volunteer, attend public gatherings where I volunteer as well.
  • What is your family structure? --- I do not have any family.
  • What is your basic diet plan? --- My meals are mostly full of carbohydrates since I get my meals from donations.
  • Diseases that have affected you recently --- high blood pressure
  • Reasons why you think the diseases affected you --- I believe it is because of my weight and the fact that I do not have a well-defined diet plan.
  • What are the stressors that affect you in your daily life? The stressors include; Unemployment, accommodation, where to find my next meal, security, and health issues.
  • How do you deal or cope with these stressors?  --- By going to church and spending my time volunteering at the shelters.

The interview for subject B; the questions and answers.

  • What is your age? - 25 years old
  • Are you employed or unemployed? - employed
  • Where do you work? - in a consultancy firm.
  • In case you are employed how much do you earn yearly? - $265,000
  • Gender - male.
  • Race – African-American.
  • Describe yourself --- I am a well-educated young professional man. I am a social ‘easy-going’ person.
  • Do you keep up with trends? --- Yes. I believe a person’s image is important especially in my line of work. First impressions are important as they may determine if a client is willing to work with you.
  • Describe your daily routine --- I wake in the morning and go to work and in the evening I go back home or attend any social gathering that may be available.
  • What is your family structure? --- I have a fiancée with no children, but I do have an extended family.
  • What is your basic diet plan? My diet is always balanced and prepared on time.
  • Diseases that have affected you recently - I am a diabetic.
  • Reasons why you think the diseases affected you - there are members in my extended family who have symptoms of the same disease. Therefore, the disease came about from transmission of my family genes (Robbins, Vaccarino, Zhang & Kasl, 2001).
  • What are the stressors that affect you in your daily life? - Daily work pressures, wedding, racial prejudice, investments issues, and social issues.
  • How do you deal or cope with these stressors? – I deal with these stressors by exercising in the gym every week.

Week 10

Subject A suffers from high blood pressure.

Symptoms of high blood pressure (Nguyen, Magno, Lane, Hinojosa & Lane, 2008):

- Having irregular heartbeats

- Pains in the chest area

- A clear pounding in your ears or chest

- Difficulties in breathing

- Visible blood spots in urine

- Constant fatigue and confusion

- Constant headaches during the day.

The prognosis of Subject A is overweight, being relatively old, and he has a rather low physical activity regime. At the moment, the disease is managed by the free mobile clinics. These clinics that are sponsored by non-governmental organizations provide services like the one being used to manage subject A’s high blood pressure.

Subject B is a diabetic.

Symptoms of diabetes

- Being constantly thirsty

- Losing weight without working out or dieting

- A feeling of constant fatigue

- Constant visits to the toilet to urinate

- Dry and itchy skin

- When one is bruised, the cuts take time to heal

The prognosis for this patient is the genetic susceptibility of subject B. The subject acquired the disease from his relative’s heredity.  Since he has health insurance, he receives his daily dose of insulin from a nearby chemist.  He has a good diet plan and always exercises.

Subject A is always attended to by different physicians. The reason is the mobile clinics he receives his health care. The three visits to the three physicians were all with the same setting.  It was in a mobile clinic where everyone was lined up outside. The examination room was a room portioned with a curtain. 

Subject B hospital visits were quite different. His first physician was in a private hospital in a private examination room. The second physician was in a private clinic. The third physician was at a different private medical facility but with almost similar private examination rooms.

Subject A’s physicians were all volunteer doctors. Subject B was attended to with highly professional physicians. The last two physicians were specialists in the field since they have their private clinics. 

Treatment for subject A

 The first mode of treatment that the doctor advised was for subject A is to lose weight. He was advised to organize himself in order to have some kind of physical exercise. Since his diet cannot be controlled, he was told to avoid salty foods (Chobanian, Bakris, Black, Cushman, Green,  Izzo Jr, 2003). 

Treatment for subject B

Subject B is provided with insulin and has to attend examinations twice every month. These visits are to ensure the disease is controlled and managed well.

I believe that these treatments are the best suited for each individual. The drugs that are to be used are the best. 

 

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