Introduction

Burkina Faso is a republic in the western part of Africa, with one of the lowest levels of life in the world, and it has one of the highest rates of mortality. It is a poor country, which passed through revolutions, demonstrations, border conflicts. In addition to it, the rights of the citizens are restricted and the head has almost unlimited power, due to its political disunity. Moreover, wild animals, hard diseases and many other factors create worthless conditions for life in Burkina Faso. However, Burkina Faso has big health care inequalities, which are formed by the totality of factors. These are the lack of complex excess to qualified healthcare system, the environmental problems and geographical location, poverty, the low level of education, socioeconomic factors. Although Burkina Faso has many weaknesses in medical care system, but the health disparities are the fundamental factors of high rates of mortality.

The Healthcare Disparities

The bad health care system is the most serious reason of the healthcare disparities. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention data life expectancy at birth in Burkina Faso for women is 57 years and for men is 55 years, under 5 mortality rate is 70/1,000 live births. The level of mortality among women after the childbirth is quite high. These are the consequences of delivery complications, which confirm the fact of the bad healthcare system. The medicine is not provided with essential financial and technical support. The mortality of newborn babies is also high because not everyone can get a professional medical care. It is quite expensive, and women do not have access to obstetrical help. There are not many hospitals and its personnel is not enough qualified. Some areas of Burkina Faso do not have them at all. The ambulance is limited and it can be available mostly in the capital of the state. Thus, the country needs the help of the highly developed countries. Although Burkina Faso is a small country but its statistics affects on the global health picture. That is why this country needs additional support from the Global Health System. This system can give Burkina Faso qualified specialists, new medical equipment and drugs. However, not only bad health care system is the reason of high mortality rate in Burkina Faso, but also many other factors of internal state problems, which do not need some external interference, for example the location of Burkina Faso.

The non-favorable geographical location of the country and environmental situation has a direct influence on health disparities in Burkina Faso. Moreover, the position of the state and the climate cause the conditions for some illnesses. Malaria is one of the most essential problems of Burkina Faso because it kills more people than simple respiratory infections. However, the country lies in one of the biggest zones of the malaria mosquito’s population. Moreover, the spreading of the tsetse fly in Burkina Faso is almost the biggest in Africa. Diarrheas diseases, meningitis, stroke, HIV, and Sepsis are the problems of all the poor countries and Burkina Faso is not an exception. The rate of them is one of the highest in the world and it creates an epidemiological situation in the state. The professionally developed health care system can easily control all of this. The vaccination of the population can prevent the epidemic of some illnesses. However, the state cannot provide the necessary measures for medicine to protect the citizens from the dangerous diseases, because of the socioeconomics problems.

Thus, economy has an indirect connection with the healthcare disparities in Burkina Faso, because it provides the country with finances, which are necessary for medical resources. The economy of Burkina Faso is not highly developed. Moreover, about 80% of the population is engaged in the agricultural sphere. This sphere of economy demands significant efforts and abilities. The insurance system is not developed, and the citizens cannot allow having a professional medical care. Thus, the economy system needs revision. It is important to establish the certain sphere of industry for production medicaments and medical equipments. However, the social problems have also great influence on the high mortality rates in Burkina Faso, being one of the health disparities factors. Moreover, the population uses the traditional medicine; they create specific methods of treatment without the help of professional specialists. In such a way, the citizens even make worse the health condition, delaying a real qualified medical care. It is normal mostly for rural zones because of the poor excess to healthcare at those territories and poor level of life.

 

Thus, one of the most significant factors of healthcare inequality in almost all-African countries is poverty. BBC informs that Burkina Faso is “a poor country even by West African standards.” “Among the poorest countries in the world, it is ranked 161 out of 169 in the UN’s latest Human Development Index. Even the low quality of medical care costs too expensive. The citizens, living in the zones of accessible hospitals, cannot effort to visit them because of the expensive medical service. However, it is possible to change it. The purpose is to overcome poverty and to lower the price for medical care. Poverty creates some premises for other factors, for example the absence of the appropriate level of education.

Thus, education provides a full understanding of the healthcare information. Moreover, knowledge makes people more confident in some situation and help to protect a human from the problem or disease, being aware about it. “Only about 80.3% of Burkina's primary school-age children are enrolled in primary school. Of those enrolled only about 41.7% complete primary school.” In addition to it, it is expensive to attend the school and girls, especially in rural areas, cannot get an education. The government should revise the educational system and provide the favorable conditions for getting the compulsory education.

Burkina Faso is a country with a complex of problems and all of these create some premises for health disparities, which lead to high level of mortality. To solve them the country should provide a highly developed medicine, and make it easy of access. The state must increase the number of hospitals and enlarge the medical service. Moreover, they should revise the political system, taking into consideration the experience of developed countries with low rate of mortality and highly developed healthcare system.

Efforts and Solutions in improving the situation

Burkina Faso is a country with a complex of problems and all of these create some premises for health disparities, which lead to high level of mortality. To solve them the country should provide a highly developed medicine, and make it easy of access. The state must increase the number of hospitals and enlarge the medical service. Moreover, they should revise the political system, taking into consideration the experience of developed countries with low rate of mortality and highly developed healthcare system.

However, the modern methods of statistics evaluate some elements of improving the situation in Burkina Faso. According to new data mortality rare is about 11,72 death/1,000 population in 2015, and in comparison to the world it is the 27th place. Positive results are obvious. There are many efforts used to change the current situation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention collaborate with the present authority of Burkina Faso. Many people were vaccinated against different diseases; professional specialists trained medical personnel. They provide financial and technological support in the medical system. Moreover, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Burkina Faso government collaboration extend and increase the influence on healthcare system. They both develop vaccines and inform the citizens about the necessity of it. In addition to it, the organization consults and trains specialists of Burkina Faso. There are many laboratories are opened by the help of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The Global Health System If the country has not important resources in medicine due to its low level of development, the healthcare system of the world can assist, connected globally. The high level of mortality and diseases in Burkina Faso has an influence on the global health rates. The Global Health System controls the global health of the world. The Global Health System develops appropriate information and the complex of innovations in the medicine. In addition, it summarizes the health problems in the world with the purpose to overcome them and share the experience. The aim of the Global Health System is to help to improve the health of people from the entire world. However, the health disparities have a significant influence on the Global Health System. Thus, the main purpose is to overcome the health disparities in all parts of the world, improving the medicine.

Conclusion

Thus, Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world. It has a long history of wars and revolutions for independence and better life conditions. This country has a big rate of mortality. It is the result of bad health care system, the lack of hospitals and the absence of qualified specialists. The most significant problem is the health disparities. It has a direct connection with the high rates of mortality in Burkina Faso. The efforts of different world organizations help to overcome the problems. There are many positive results in the process of improving the healthcare system. The level of mortality considerably reduced. Moreover, the Global Health System helps improve the general situation of healthcare in the word, applying to development of medicine.

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